Even those who flee the country are liable to prosecution.
Tens of thousands fled over the border after the disputed 2020 elections. Now, many are volunteering to help the war effort.
Regime uses accusations of extremism to silence dissenting voices – and intimidate news consumers.
Locals say that morale is high, despite intelligence warnings that a fresh invasion could be imminent.
Both countries have been flooded with incitement alongside deliberate confusion between fiction and historical facts.
"I will leave or go to prison, but I will not shoot."
Freezing cold cells and long stretches in solitary confinement for those who defy the Lukashenko regime.
Beatings and torture, long an issue of concern, have become commonplace since the August 2020 uprising.
UNESCO lists Belarusian as vulnerable due to the domination of Russian in daily life.
Troop deployment reinforces tensions ahead of war games planned for next month.