Attempts to hold an annual rally has become a highly symbolic tradition for the feminist movement.
Since 1991, the ex-leader has become identified with the state itself, but his status is now crumbling.
Calls for reinstatement of “Astana” as ex-leader continues to be blamed for legacy of corruption and inequality.
In Nur-Sultan, glitzy shopping malls and swanky hotels mirror Kazakstan's vast natural resources. In the outskirts, villages with no running water and basic services tell a different story of poverty and inequality.
Vast natural resources have made a select few rich while millions of Kazaks struggle to make ends meet.
Leadership promises economic reforms – but does not stint on criticism of elite.
The career diplomat’s slow, hierarchical advancement has finally lead to real authority.
Experts predict further prosecutions and tightened censorship in the wake of unrest.
Arrests seen as a way for Kazak authorities to justify their claim that the clashes were sparked by external forces.
Country sees a clampdown on independent media and civil society as CSTO troops arrive and a weakened president scrambles to entrench his grip on power.